About Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular Dystrophy is an umbrella term used to refer to a group of muscular disorders characterised by muscle weakness, wasting and contractures, which are usually progressive in nature and sometimes even life threatening. These disorders result from inherited gene abnormalities.

While most of these disorders manifest in childhood, some may have an adult onset. The severity of the symptoms, the age at which the symptoms appear, how fast the individual deteriorates, and the pattern of inheritance the disorder follows, vary from one form of Muscular Dystrophy to another.

Over time, persons with Muscular Dystrophy may lose the ability to walk, and ultimately breathe. For some individuals, the disorder is life-threatening. At present, there is no known cure for Muscular Dystrophy.

Types of Muscular Dystrophy

There are many types of Muscular Dystrophy and these vary in terms of their pattern of inheritance, genetic mutation, incidence, symptoms, age of onset, rate of progression and prognosis.

The list below is not exhaustive and only includes the more common types of the disorder. If you have a muscular disorder that is not in the list and would like to join the association, please contact us for further enquires.


Muscular Dystrophies

  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
  • Becker Muscular Dystrophy
  • Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy
  • Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy
  • Myotonic Dystrophy
  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

Motor Neuron Diseases

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy
  • Spinal Bulbar Muscular Atrophy

Diseases of The Neuromuscular Junction

  • Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes

Diseases of Peripheral Nerve

  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
  • Dejerine-Sottas Disease
  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneropathy (CIDP)

Metabolic Diseases of Muscle

  • Glycogen Storage Diseases
  • Lipid Storage Diseases
  • Mitochondrial Myopathies

Other Myopathies

  • Myotonic Myopathies
  • Congenital Myopathies
  • Periodic Paralysis

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